Polymerization is the factor and process responsible in the creation of the beautiful ambers. This has helped the ancient insect and plant life to be trapped and prisoned inside a tree resin and become hard as millions of years passed. These are also your window to the past when you get to know the type of flora and fauna existed in this earth 30 to 40 million years ago. These are actually the natural records of the organism that existed which got hardened with time and under the influence of the environment.
The Process Of Formation
The start of the process is with the secretion of resin from the now extinct trees. These resins were secreted as a protective juice from the trees against the insects. Sometimes some insects or some part of the tree bark get trapped inside this sticky sap called resin which solidifies with the passage of time thus carefully fossilizing the content inside. The flow of the resin stops at a point of time and the insect along with the DNA get permanently captured as a record for the future from the past.
The Botanical Content
The content inside an Amber Fossil can bebotanical as well. When the leaves, twigs and barks of the trees get stuck in the resin it also gets entrapped inside, never to come out again. As these extinct trees were the common feature of the tropical forest where there were large number of several kinds of plants, animals and insects, it is not surprising when you look at the content inside. It can be anything from a twig, flower, a bark or an insect. Apart from it do not get surprised if you find fossils of small frogs and lizards in it. It is just a hard evidence of the consequences of being present at the wrong place at the wrong time.
The Valuation Of Amber
The valuation of the Drfinejewels Amber Fossil depends on the contents inside and the age of the stone. Various fungi and the gas excreted can also be entrapped as a bubble inside it. These inclusions are of immense help in the field of science as it helps in potential study of taxonomy and the process of evolution. Though invertebrates are mostly fossilized, sometimes a vertebrate like a lizard can also be fossilized and increase the beauty and price of the stone.
The Science Behind
The molecule of the resins is generally hydrocarbon atoms arranged in hexagonal rings. These are very strong bonds which cannot be separated easily as it forms polymers over time passage making it hard.Ambers are obtained in different parts of the world but the most famous are those from the Baltic and Dominican regions. Central and South America, even the Arctic region are also known for ambers.Since there are no mineral present in the ambers but just organic compounds, it cannot be called a gem but has equal value in the jewelry industry. It looks beautiful if carved nicely in a silver, gold or platinum casing.